All things being equal, it is better to err on the side of too much rather than too little force. Attacked at 19 by an Air Force Trainer, and Speaking Out By contrast, U.S. threats against Serbia over Kosovo failed, suggesting that deterrence requires credibility—which was markedly absent in the latter case, given the history of threats that were not backed up by action. The documentary ‘On the Dark Side in Al Doura’ concludes with the reminder that since the Patriot Act was passed and Dick Cheney declared that we needed to go into the shadows, the definition of torture has been blurred. John was sent back to Fort Carson and the harassment he endured in Iraq continued with the 212th in Colorado. As the first decade of the post-Cold War period draws to a close, one thing is certain: military intervention remains a central feature of American foreign policy. A Review of Sexual Misconduct by Basic Training Instructors at Lackland Air Force Base Efforts during the Persian Gulf War to destroy mobile Iraqi SCUD missiles, for example, were an expensive failure, and attempts to intercept relatively primitive SCUDs with more modern antimissile systems likewise proved unsuccessful for the most part. Ann Wright Invited to Unveiling of Landmark Military Sexual Assault Legislation in D.C. Military Sexual Assault Litigation (March 6, 2012) HASC Hearing: Sexual Misconduct Allegations at Lackland Air Force Base John couldn’t handle driving above 35 mph, was suspicious of trash on the side of the road, and was easily startled by loud noises. Whether it actually deterred any action by China is less clear, as it is difficult to discern China’s intentions. For the record, an estimated 13.5 percent of sexual assaults and rapes saw the light day—and only 8 percent of those reports resulted in prosecution—in the end 465 service members were either administratively discharged or punished through the court-martial process —that’s about 2.5 percent of the total suspected acts of sexual assaults and rape—a good percentage for a direct mail response, but unacceptable for a justice system.” Representative Jackie Speier (D-CA) (November 16, 2011), Related Links: Military Sexual Assault Bill Would Reassign Authority (July 21, 2013) Air Force leadership blamed for sex scandal He managed to only close it for 120 days in 2009 to get accounts on all the detainees and the conditions of the camp, he was forced to reopen it later that year. In the former, significant air power was deployed in an open-ended fashion. Tyrants throughout history have been responsible for some of the most shocking acts of cruelty towards their own people and to those they perceive to be enemies. Such considerations would have made America less likely to occupy Haiti or to expand the Somalia intervention into nation-building, but might have encouraged the United States to act earlier in Bosnia and Rwanda, where small interventions could conceivably have prevented genocide. Air power can accomplish many things, but not everything. The first is an unwillingness to allow the military to do its job even when U.S. interests warrant it and the military tool is judged the most appropriate. Andrew helps soldiers in John’s situation because he understands how important it is to intervene. It is true that American interests in Kosovo were less than vital, and that persuading the American people and their elected representatives of the need to make large sacrifices, including casualties, would not have been easy. Abuse of power is often seen as a result of absolute power. Dateline NBC Mystery: Private Needhams War Institutional abuse is the maltreatment of someone (often children or older adults) by a system of power. – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 3/5, Press Conf – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 4/5, Press Conf – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 5/5. After spending two years investigating sex assaults at APG, Shadley says not much has changed in the Army a decade and a half later. Still, it is important to draw a distinction between what proved in the end to be the successful application of coercive force in Kosovo and the failure of it in Iraq in 1998. Both of them were volatile but unfortunately there were no witnesses to the event as John’s friend was outside the home calling the police to report Jacqwelyn. Abuse of power in the military is a very stressful and confusing situation. Dateline, Dark Secrets (Transcript) Lackland Rape Scandal Shines Spotlight On Military Failure Where interests do not warrant peacemaking or nation-building operations that are costly in both financial and human terms, there may be less demanding options for doing good, such as establishing one or more safe havens in an affected country or designing operations to keep opposing factions apart. Air Force Rape Scandal Grows Military Sexual Trauma – Seeking Justice John shared that they mentally tortured him, banged on his barracks door, stole his things, and isolated him. In the end, Kosovo was not one but two wars: an air war dominated by NATO and a ground war dominated by Serbian military and paramilitary forces. This lesson seems to have been learned, for the Clinton administration eschewed any talk of specific withdrawal dates when it deployed peacekeeping forces in Kosovo. Trump’s most consequential abuses of power have been met with the full approval of the majority in Congress, the mainstream media, and the Deep State. The condition for stopping attacks was clear: Milosevic had to meet a specified set of demands. It would be this incident that would break John’s spirit. Air Force Academy Investigated 54 Sexual Assaults in 10 Years Sgt. At an emotional press conference on Thursday where former service members spoke of being sexually assaulted while in the military, Sen. Mazie Hirono and Rep. Tulsi Gabbard joined a bipartisan group in both chambers in pushing for reform. Soldiers remember sergeant who died in Bell County Jail Changes driven by Lackland scandal not complete But the Clinton administration never tried. Recruiting Station. Army Soldiers at Fort Hood in Texas Are Dying at Alarming Rates Stateside Military Fails to Protect Service Members from Rape— Class Action Lawsuit filed against the Pentagon By Ann Wright A different form of reluctance to commit is that involving ground troops. Bombs and missiles can be fooled by decoys and frustrated by mobility and masking. The Naval Medical Center in San Diego recommended that John get surgery on his back right away. Soldier Describes Improvement at Fort Hood’s WTU After NBC 5 Investigation Exposes Complaints of Mistreatment (2015) Female Soldiers More Likely to Be Raped than Killed in Action, Says Rep. Military Fails to Protect Service Members from Rape— Class Action Lawsuit filed against the Pentagon By Ann Wright. In other words, soldiers should have the same constitutional rights as their civilian counterparts. Retired Army Pvt John Needham Beat his Girlfriend Jacqwelyn Villagomez to Death, Then Died of an Overdose on Painkillers Awaiting Murder Trial (2008) – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 1/5, Press Conf. Both Iraq and Kosovo suggest that short of occupation, military force is not a very good tool for changing regimes, although a successful use of military force that weakens or humiliates an adversary can help bring about a political environment in which domestic opponents of the regime in question may be encouraged to act. Senator Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Senate Armed Services Committee But delay also exacts a price by squandering the opportunity to act preventively and with less force. PBS Documentary: The Wounded Platoon “It’s a terrible feeling when someone does this to you and gets away with it, and then you report it and the system punishes you. He spent some time on camera talking about how the combat stress and the betrayal from his team impacted him. As a result of her coming forward, Senator Wayne Allard’s office was contacted by 38 former cadets, 23 current cadets, and one civilian, all of whom said they had been raped by Air Force Academy men. Drill sergeants and other instructors were regularly using their power to get sexual favors from young female trainees, or sometimes even assaulting or raping them. Punitive interventions are in many ways the opposite: they lack any clear purpose or linkage, and their principal advantage is that the attacking side retains the initiative in that only it decides when it is satisfied. Report finds sexual assault, drug use at Air Force Academy Sexual Assault in the Military: A DoD Cover-Up? The IG’s office shared a list of rights for both John and Michael. Medical determined that John was severely injured both physically and mentally. Michael Candelori/Shutterstock In East Timor, forces should have been introduced in tandem with the referendum on its political status. U.S. capabilities in Somalia were never increased in step with the mission’s widening in early 1993, while the initial attempt to use force in Haiti—the decision in October 1993 to dispatch only 200 U.S. and Canadian soldiers, followed by the decision to withdraw them when mobs rioted on the shore—ended in humiliation for the United States. I did not want to be stigmatized for reporting my assault — as I tried to move forward with my career. Trump’s most consequential abuses of power have been met with the full approval of the majority in Congress, the mainstream media, and the Deep State. “WASHINGTON, D.C. — A burgeoning scandal over sexual assaults in the military is fueling calls from congressional lawmakers on both sides of the aisle to support a bill that gives victims greater confidence that they’ll get justice. Pentagon IG opens evaluation of Air Force Academy sexual assault prevention office (March 1, 2018) Air Force Academy Ignores Rapes, Women Say John was exhausted, irate, and he saw no way out. A soldier may feel that since the person is in a position of power, that he/she does not have any rights. US Air Force Academy chiefs removed over rape scandal In Kosovo, it would have been wiser to continue diplomacy and deal with a limited humanitarian crisis while looking for ways to weaken or topple the Milosevic regime, or to send in ground forces at the outset and prevent the displacement and killing. Several recent experiences highlight just how hard it is to affect a target nation’s internal politics or political culture with military instruments. The Use and Abuse of Military Force Richard ... an air war dominated by NATO and a ground war dominated by Serbian military and paramilitary forces. On February 19, 2010 following treatment at the Department of Veterans Affairs, John would be found dead in his room from an overdose on painkillers. Our military personnel have a responsibility to abide by the rules established by the Geneva Conventions. In addition, it is difficult, if not impossible, to carry out an operation that requires consent at the same time one is threatening (or actually carrying out) a compellent or otherwise hostile operation. Fort Hood soldier dies while in pretrial confinement Press Conf. John would share that the Army was short of personnel so most of the soldiers got driven into the ground and deprived of sleep. Hawaii Delegation Backs Reforms Against Military Sexual Assaults (May 16, 2013) But Michael was able to intervene and get the Command to send him to medical instead. McCaskill, Blunt seek to reform military sexual assault proceeding law (November 12, 2103) In the meantime Johns father spoke candidly with one of the Navy doctors about the treatment John received both in Iraq and at Fort Carson. PBS NewsHour: Hirono Fights For Military Justice Improvement Act (March 7, 2014) Senator Mazie K. Hirono was joined today by victims of sexual assault in the military and organizations who assist victims of Military Sexual Trauma (MST) to announce new bipartisan, bicameral legislation that would reform the military justice system by removing the prosecution of all crimes punishable by one year or more in confinement from the chain of command, except crimes that are uniquely military in nature, such as disobeying orders or going Absent Without Leave. Press Conf – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 4/5 -Mazie Hirono (September 25, 2013), Senator Mazie K. Hirono joined a diverse coalition, led by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), to call for the creation of a fair military justice system to reverse the systemic obstacles that sexual assault victims face. Here again, Kosovo was no exception. Pentagon blames Air Force Academy leaders for sexual misconduct scandal Nelson was from Detroit, Michigan and joined the Army in April 2005 as a petroleum supply specialist. Overall, what is most noteworthy about America’s principal military interventions over the past decade is their number and variety. They both also shared the impact the crimes had on their mental health and morale. Survivor of sexual violence at Lackland Air Force Base speaks out Hirono visits 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks (April 8, 2013) Hirono Calls For Fair Military Justice System For Survivors Of Sexual Assault Press Conf. A Complete List of the 35 Basic Military Training Instructors Court Martialed in the Lackland Air Force Base Sex Scandal In 2010 the Department of Defense (DoD) conducted a survey of active duty members which revealed that only a small percentage of the more than 19,000 incidents of rapes and sexual assaults involving service members was actually reported. The abuse of power that seems to create the most unhappiness is when a person uses personal power to get ahead without regards to the welfare of others, or when power is used to go into the lower dimensional planes. Advocates: Lackland hearings should spark reforms, not more empty promises It’s almost worse than the actual act, that the system failed you.” ~Sharon Fullilove, Related Links: The accused has the right to remain silent, right to be represented by an attorney, right to the opportunity to plead “not guilty” or “guilty”, and the right to request a jury trial. The film demonstrates multiple qualities of commands and power in the military, specifically the Marines. (August 21, 2020), Military.com: Army Street Gang Activity Is Increasing, Internal Report Shows (August 17, 2020), Six Unsolved Homicide Cases Affiliated with Fort Hood (January 1, 2016 to Present), RT America: Grim Body Count at Fort Hood Army Base (July 29, 2020), Report: VA Doctor Fired 9 Months After Taunting Suicidal Veteran Who Died by Suicide 6 Days Later (July 29, 2020), Austin American-Statesman: Vanessa Guillen’s Death Shines Light on More Tragedies at Fort Hood (July 28, 2020), Cold Case: Army SSG Anton Phillips Found Stabbed to Death at FOB Mehtar Lam, Afghanistan; CID Offering $25,000 Reward for Information (December 31, 2009), Air Force Retiree Michael Giles Fatally Shot and Buried in Backyard of Texas Home; Kwaneta Harris Sentenced to 50 Years in Prison (July 4, 2006), Army Soldier Sgt. Michael and John won a lot of battles with the US Army but soon they would lose the war. An employee should recognize her responsibility to protect and conserve government property and resources, and to make an honest effort to use official time and government property only for official business. NACKRR KGB officer abuse of power in Vikinglaws Military Simulator - Raiders face this kind of abuse every day! Domestic opposition to such a commitment can be reduced and overcome by concerted presidential effort and by designing interventions that justify an American casualty level by the interests at stake. Why don’t they even recognize the problem? Military Justice Improvement Act Targets Sex Assaults (November 20, 2017) John reported to the Army that he witnessed both leadership and peers killing innocent Iraqi civilians during the October 2006 to October 2007 timeframe in and around Al Doura. America’s experience in Bosnia revealed that arbitrary deadlines for getting out are more likely to cause political problems than provide solutions. But two Air Force veterans who said they were sexually assaulted years ago did testify. And it was at this time Michael learned that he had third party rights and could intervene and act on John’s behalf. Trump’s Alarming Abuse of Executive Power President Donald Trump speaks to the media in the Rose Garden at the White House, Jan. 4, 2019. Before Senate Vote, Hirono Urges Colleagues To Pass Military Justice Improvement Act (March 6, 2014) Controversially fired Lt. Col. Perry retires, plans memoir Military misconduct Abuse of military power. John was an Army Ranger assigned to the 212th, 2nd Combat Team, 12th Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. Nelson was being held in pretrial confinement on behalf of the 1st Cavalry Division. No substantial legislation was enacted to address the successful prosecution of and prevention of these alleged abuses of power. A second consideration is the likely costs and consequences of acting, both for the immediate problem and for broader U.S. strategic and economic interests. After awhile John felt that he was forced into committing war atrocities that were illegal but feared if he didn’t do it, he would become a liability to the team and ultimately a casualty of his own people. Code of Dishonor Talk by 22-year Army Veteran Eli Painted Crow as part of the “Voices of Women Veterans” workshop at the Veterans for Peace 2006 National Convention August 11, 2006 in Seattle, WA. In Kosovo, using air power earlier, after the wholesale violation of the October 1998 agreement—in which Serbia agreed to a cease-fire, limits on its forces in Kosovo, and international monitoring—certainly would have proven more efficient. Retaliation Against Victims of Military Sexual Assault Still Persists (December 4, 2014) He reiterated that he was concerned about his well being and asked him to help him find a way to prevent John from being sent back to Fort Carson, Colorado. Consequences for Defense and Foreign Policy. Press Conf – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 5/5 Analyze the abuse of power in Lord of the Flies. But not before the Battalion Commander would put up one more roadblock. Report Confirms: Sexual Abuse Rampant at Lackland Air Force Base The Case Study of Craig Perry and the Future of Command in the U.S. Air Force The issue was a personal one for Gabbard, who served two tours of duty in the Middle East with the National Guard. His team was assigned to the Quarter Cav which was known for having some of the deadliest fights in the Iraq war. Eli Painted Crow – Voices of Women Veterans Violent Crime, Suicide, and Non Combat Death at Fort Hood, Texas We need to remove the chain of command from the reporting process — it’s absolutely detrimental,” she said, adding that as a military sexual assault victim, “You almost become a leper.” She testified that two of her attackers pleaded guilty, but others were never charged. The soldier would feel like they are alone and unable to stop the abuse of power. Veterans for Peace. If they made it out of the war zone alive, the return home didn’t fair well for them. (Ret. Why Won’t Congress Investigate the Sex Abuse Scandal at Lackland AFB The following ten films portray past examples of abuse of power, broadly defined to encompass the misuse of high position and influence in the political, corporate, and military realms. The investigation comes after NBC 5 Investigates partnered with The Dallas Morning News for a six-month investigation that revealed hundreds of complaints from injured soldiers who said commanders harassed, belittled them and ordered them to do things that made their conditions worse at three Warrior Transition Units in Texas: Fort Hood, Fort Bliss and Fort Sam Houston.”, Related Links: Carrying out more than one kind of intervention in the same place at the same time can invite trouble. They have clearly illustrated what toxic leadership in the Army looks like and how whistleblowers in the US military have nowhere to turn. I have taken some time to sit with and to reflect on how best to comment on a growing trend of an abuse of power in military justice that deeply troubles me. The Fort Hood Fallen on Facebook. Sixteen years ago, Robert Shadley, then a major general in the Army, uncovered disturbing news from an important Army training facility at Aberdeen Proving Ground. Being in a position of power is awesome, and we’re not going to lie: given nigh unlimited god-like power over millions of people, we’d probably abuse it just a little.However, here’s a list of 10 people who went way too far, because they were in charge and because they could. Abuse of power in the military is a very stressful and confusing situation. S.1752 – Military Justice Improvement Act of 2013 Nelson deployed to Iraq twice and his awards and decorations include three Army Commendation Medals, two Army Achievement Medals, three Army Good Conduct Medals, and the Iraq Campaign Medal with four campaign stars. Famous Worst Abuses of Power in History. Why don’t they take care of the soldiers? Gillibrand, McCaskill Resume Military Sexual-Assault Debate (February 6, 2014) –On the Dark Side in Al Doura (December 17, 2011). Spouse Abuse Includes assault, battery, threat to injure or kill, other acts of force or violence, or emotional maltreatment inflicted on a partner in a lawful marriage when one of the partners is a military member or is employed by the Department of Defense and is eligible for treatment in an MTF. Soldiers have no choice over how things get handled in the military justice system because the Commander has all the control. Sgt. Force protection to avoid casualties can and should be a consideration—but not the only one. His story is tragic. Gen. Stephen Xenakis, M.D. Hirono Joins Colleagues To Announce Bill To Stop Sexual Assault In The Military Air Force Academy Whistleblower Alleges Dog Poisoned in Retaliation In some instances, such as where high-value targets are sparse or the adversary is exploiting its advantage on the ground, only ground forces will be able to protect the interests involved. Senator Hirono Calls to Address Military Sexual Assault. Eventually, John was sent to Ward 54 which is the psychiatric ward at Walter Reed. Senators demand transparency in US military justice system (December 8, 2015) Michael Needham takes us through the series of events that occurred in the course of John’s short Army career. Again, military force is good at creating contexts, but what happens within those contexts is more a matter for diplomats and policymakers. Of course, no system is better than the intelligence fed into it; accuracy is no virtue if the target is misidentified, as was the case with the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, or if the intelligence assessment is in itself flawed, as may have been the case in the U.S. attack on an alleged chemical plant in Sudan. 3 Educator answers. – Sexual Assault on Military Members – 2/5 And why did they leave his son John Needham behind? MSgt Michael Silva, Lackland Air Force Base Basic Military Training Instructor, Sentenced to 20 Years for Two Rapes Sexual Assault Survivors Criticize Sentence Given to Lackland Instructor “At first I was too afraid to report my assault to my chain of command, but two years later I was forced to report due to the escalation of the behavior and the fear that I would be raped again,” she said. -Mazie Hirono (November 6, 2013), Hirono Speaks In Support Of The Military Justice Improvement Act. Even After Lackland Scandal, Military Still Isn’t Fixing Its Sexual Abuse Epidemic Exit dates ought not to be confused with exit strategies. Senators Serious About Sexual Assault (April 21, 2014) An employee should recognize her responsibility to protect and conserve government property and resources, and to make an honest effort to use official time and government property only for official business. Hirono Calls For Fair Military Justice System For Survivors Of Sexual Assault (November 6, 2013) Senate set for battle over military sexual assault (June 12, 2013) Dispatching a carrier task force to the Taiwan Straits in 1996 was a classic example of effective gunboat diplomacy: a long-term strategic commitment was backed up by a sizable show of force. Instead, Michael Needham won this battle and John was flown to Germany. It’s just like pouring gasoline onto a fire.” -Robert D. Shadley, Senator Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Senate Armed Services Committee, Hawaii Delegation Backs Reforms Against Military Sexual Assaults (May 16, 2013) by Kery Murakami, Honolulu Civil Beat. He didn’t want to live anymore. Fort Hood soldier dies while confined in Texas jail Luckily another team was nearby who did answer him and was able to extract the soldiers from the situation and save their lives. 37 Copy quote. 37 Copy quote. Sexual Assault in the Military: A DoD Cover-Up? Press Conf. This was also the same day that then Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta announced the military was lifting the ban on women in combat. Though she was not available for comment Thursday, she told CNN earlier this month that rape culture was prevalent during her first deployment to Iraq, to the point where soldiers were trained on protecting themselves from other soldiers.”, At [the] press conference, Jennifer Norris said she was raped while serving in the U.S. Air Force. Guidance for the Brookings community and the public on our response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) », Learn more from Brookings scholars about the global response to coronavirus (COVID-19) ». But there must be limits on U.S. military action when a situation is not dire, when other foreign policy instruments look promising, when partners are scarce, or when other major powers oppose American intervention. The Air Force Academy Scandal Regardless, the U.S. deployment may have had an impact on the country’s subsequent behavior by letting China know that any military move against Taiwan would likely be contested by the United States. John thought this was unusual because they didn’t usually get sent out in pairs. Air Force Admits at Least 54 Cases of Rape and Sexual Assault at Air Force Academy–Scandal Called Bigger Than Tailhook: We’ll Talk to Two Survivors Part of his initiation into his new band of brothers was fighting other soldiers to determine where one fell in the pecking order. Still, even an ideal military cannot succeed if it is undermined by either of two constraints. Sara Rich, Mother of Suzanne Swift Smart bombs go astray from time to time, missing their intended targets and occasionally causing unintended damage and destruction. Related Links: Frederick Lenz. In the end, 62 recruits were identified in the scandal and 35 basic military training personnel were courts martialed for alleged abuse of trainees or sex related offenses. Get foreign policy updates from Brookings. With every new rank comes more power, prestige and, ultimately, responsibility. Fort Hood Releases Name of a Soldier Who Recently Died in the Bell County Jail The commissions had been paid through a network of intermediary companies and individuals. He had significant back injuries from the multiple explosions and blasts, shrapnel in his body, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Military Sexual Assault Bill Would Reassign Authority (July 21, 2013) Army Soldiers at Fort Hood in Texas Are Dying at Alarming Rates Stateside (2017) John put a handgun to his head but just as he got ready to pull the trigger, his roommate dove and pushed the gun away from his head. New technology is no panacea. United States Air Force Basic Training scandal U.S. Army Ranger John Needham, who was awarded two purple hearts and three medals for heroism, wrote to military authorities in 2007 reporting war crimes that he witnessed being committed by his own command and fellow soldiers in Al Doura, Iraq. “NBC 5 Investigates has learned that the U.S. Army has launched a new investigation inside Fort Hood’s Warrior Transition Unit (WTU), looking at claims of harassment and abuse. John Needham and Adam Winfield both reported witnessing innocent civilians murdered by their fellow leadership and peers in Iraq and Afghanistan. New legislation would make it easier for victims of sexual assaults in the military to come forward. A somewhat restrained approach to humanitarian intervention is unlikely to satisfy either those who wish to put it at the center of American foreign policy or those who wish to push such efforts to the sidelines. But these questions do provide a framework, and with it some potential guidance. Wounded soldiers allege mistreatment in the Army’s Warrior Transition Units (2014) It’s all about the abuse of power. This proved true both in Bosnia, where the presence of a lightly armed United Nations protection force made the use of air power risky, and again in Kosovo, where the presence of unarmed monitors worked to undermine the credibility of the threats to attack. He reports that the only office that took him seriously at the time was the IG. …They are really vulnerable to just reacting, overreacting, particularly maybe doing something that they had done when they’d been in combat.” –The Wounded Platoon. John recognized how PTSD and TBI did in fact play a role in his fight or flight response mechanisms and that it may be because these conditions went untreated that he disocciated, snapped and beat his girlfriend to death. March 15, 2014, mason, Leave a comment. 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March 15, 2015 at 7:24:43 AM Describe Jack 's use of power for military Injustice a genocide new. Use of power is clearly limited in what it can not commit war crimes monitor everything severely injured both and... Excelled as part of his initiation into his new band of brothers was fighting soldiers! The accused and accuser and overturning the Feres Doctrine should be our highest priority out so he could paralyzed... Why our soldier ’ s clear why our soldier ’ s behalf “ the Sexual assaults the!